Improving The Fine Motor Ability of Children With Cerebral Palsy Through Contextual Learning Based on Maze Game Media


Faisal Rachmat(1Mail), Yufiarti Yufiarti(2), Martini Jamaris(3), Seto Mulyadi(4),
Early Childhood Education, Institut Ummul Qura Al-Islami, Indonesia(1)
Early Childhood Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia(2)
Early Childhood Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia(3)
Early Childhood Education, Universitas Gunadarma, Indonesia(4)

Mail Corresponding Author
Article Analytic
 PDF Full Text   [File Size: 317KB]

Published : 2023-12-31

Article can trace at:

Article Metrics

Abstract Views: 119 times PDF Downloaded: 70 times


The Maze game media helps develop children's fine motor abilities, such as flexing fingers and wrists, and fine motor skills linked with the movement skills of both hands, as well as their capacity to combine eye senses and hand activity. This study aims to determine the increase in fine motor skills of children with cerebral palsy through a contextual learning model based on maze game media at 3 to 8 years old at SDLB Type D Disabled Children Foundation, South Jakarta. This research method uses action research. Action research is cycle-oriented research on various actions or interventions carried out by researchers as classroom teachers. The research took place from the design stage to the evaluation of practical classroom interventions regarding teaching and learning activities to enhance the fine motor skills of cerebral palsy-affected students. In the 2021-2022 school year, researchers studied children's fine motor abilities using maze game media. This research consists of three cycles (pre-cycle, cycle 1, and cycle 2). The results of this study indicate that the improvement of fine motor skills of children with cerebral palsy through media-based contextual models maze games are effectively negative or low inclined. This research implies that one of the creative ways to improve fine motor skills is through activities based on contextual learning models based on maze game media. In addition, using maze media can effective communication between class teachers and CP children so that CP children have better concentration and are independent in carrying out their fine motor movements at school and home



Children with disabilities; fine motoric skills; contextual learning; maze game media


Anggraeni, D., & Na’imah. (2022). Strategi Stimulasi Perkembangan Motorik Kasar Anak. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(4), 2553–2563.

Arikunto, S. (2015). Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Bumi Aksara.

Charles, J., & Gordon, A. M. (2006). Development of hand-arm bimanual intensive training (HABIT) for improving bimanual coordination in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 48(11), 931–936.

Elvrum, A.-K. G., Andersen, G. L., Himmelmann, K., Beckung, E., Öhrvall, A.-M., Lydersen, S., & Vik, T. (2016). Bimanual Fine Motor Function (BFMF) Classification in Children with Cerebral Palsy: Aspects of Construct and Content Validity. Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics, 36(1), 1–16.

Facchin, P., Rosa-Rizzotto, M., Pozza, D. L. V., Turconi, A. C., Pagliano, E., Signorini, S., Tornetta, L., Trabacca, A., Fedrizzi, E., & Group, G. S. (2011). Multisite trial comparing the efficacy of constraint-induced movement therapy with that of bimanual intensive training in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy postintervention results. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 90(7), 539–553.

Faradisya, S. P., Iswari, M., & Mata, K. (2018). Meningkatkan Kemampuan Koordinasi Mata dan Tangan Melalui Bermain Maze Pada Anak Cerebral Palsy. Jurnal Pendidikan Berkebutuhan Khusus, 7(1).

Fitriani, A., Hasanah, U., & Nopiana. (2022). Meningkatkan Perkembangan Motorik Halus Anak melalui Media Plastisin. 2, 94–111.

Gardner, H. (1993). Multiple Intelegences. Basic Book.

Jamaris, M. (2013). Orientasi Baru Dalam Psikologi Pendidikan. Ghalia Indonesia.

Krumlinde-sundholm, L., & Eliasson, A. (2003). Development of the Assisting Hand Assessment: A Rasch-built Measure intended for Children with Unilateral Upper Limb Impairments. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 10(1), 16–26.

Legiman. (2015). Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK). LPMP Yogyakarta, 1(1).

Novitasari, R., Nasirun, M., & D., D. (2019). Meningkatkan Kemampuan Motorik Kasar Anak Melalui Bermain Dengan Media Hulahoop Pada Anak Kelompok B Paud Al-Syafaqoh Kabupaten Rejang Lebong. Jurnal Ilmiah POTENSIA, 4(1), 6–12.

Oskoui, M., Coutinho, F., Dykeman, J., Jetté, N., & Pringsheim, T. (2013). An update on the prevalence of cerebral palsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 55(6), 509–519.

Patel, D. R., Neelakantan, M., Pandher, K., & Merrick, J. (2020). Cerebral palsy in children: a clinical overview. Translational Pediatrics, 9(Suppl 1), S125–S135.

Pura, D. N. (2019). Perkembangan Motorik Halus Anak Usia Dini Melalui Kolase Media Serutan Pensil. Jurnal Ilmiah Potensia, 4(2), 131–140.

Rosenbaum, J. (2007). The Definition and Classification of Cerebral Palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 49(s109), 1–44.

Rosidah, L. (2014). Peningkatan Kecerdasan Visual Spasial Anak Usia Dini Melalui Permainan Maze. Jurnal Pendidikan Usia Dinisia Dini, 8(2), 281–290.

Sofia, A., Nopiana, & Suryadi. (2021). Faktor Penunjang dan Penghambat dalam Pengembangan Kecerdasan Moral Anak Usia Dini 5-6 Tahun. Jurnal Obsesi, 5(1), 591–610.

Suriati, S., Kuraedah, S., Erdiyanti, E., & Anhusadar, L. O. (2019). Meningkatkan Keterampilan Motorik Halus Anak melalui Mencetak dengan Pelepah Pisang. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(1), 211.

Suryawati, E., Osman, K., & Meerah, T. S. M. (2010). The effectiveness of RANGKA contextual teaching and learning on students’ problem solving skills and scientific attitude. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 1717–1721.

Wulandari, A. D., Sumarni, S., & Rahelly, Y. (2018). Pengembangan Game Maze Berbasis Media Interaktif Sesuai Tema Untuk Anak Usia 5-6 Tahun Di TK IT Izzudin Palembang. Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 7(1).

Zaitun. (2017). Pendidikan Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Kreasi Edukasi.


  • There are currently no refbacks.