Penggunaan Aplikasi Android Smart Parenting untuk Meningkatkan Pengetahuan Orang Tua tentang Bullying

Author


Ria Novianti(1Mail), Ilga Maria(2), Hukmi Hukmi(3),
Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Riau, Indonesia(1)
Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Riau, Indonesia(2)
Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Riau, Indonesia(3)

Mail Corresponding Author
Article Analytic
  Download PDF   [File Size: 327KB]  Language: id
Published : 2022-05-06
Copyright (c) 2022 Ria Novianti, Ilga Maria, Hukmi Hukmi

Article can trace at:


Article Metrics

Abstract Views: 298 times PDF Downloaded: 135 times

Abstract


Saat ini  orang tua membutuhkan platform baru yang dapat diakses di mana saja dan kapan saja untuk mendapatkan informasi tentang bullying. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan orang tua tentang bullying menggunakan aplikasi smart parenting melalui penelitian eksperimen semu (quasy exsperiment) dengan desain the posttest-only control-group desain. Populasi dalam penelitian adalah orang tua anak usia dini yang berjumlah 30 orang di Kota Pekanbaru. Teknik yang digunakan dalam pengambilan sampel ini adalah teknik random sampling. Menggunakan dua kelas yakni kelas eksperimen untuk diberikan perlakuan dan kelas kontrol. Alat pengumpulan data berupa angket.  Teknik analisis data menggunakan uji normalitas dan uji hipotesis. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan penggunan aplikasi smart parenting dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan orang tua tentang bullying dengan hasil rata-rata eksperimen 77,77 dan kontrol 70,83. Dengan demikian, aplikasi smart parenting dapat membantu orang tua memahami definisi bullying, bentuk-bentuk perilaku bullying, hingga pencegahan dan solusi menghadapi permasalahan bullying


Keywords


bullying; orang tua; media smart parenting

References


Arseneault, L. (2018). Annual Research Review: The persistent and pervasive impact of being bullied in childhood and adolescence: implications for policy and practice. In Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 59(4), 405-421. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12841

Bullock, J. R. (2002). Bullying among Children. Childhood Education, 78(3), 130-133. https://doi.org/10.1080/00094056.2002.10522721

Chakrawati, F. (2015). Bullying siapa takut. Solo: Tiga Ananda.

Cluver, L., Lachman, J. M., Sherr, L., Wessels, I., Krug, E., Rakotomalala, S., Blight, S., Hillis, S., Bachman, G., Green, O., Butchart, A., Tomlinson, M., Ward, C. L., Doubt, J., & McDonald, K. (2020). Parenting in a time of COVID-19. The Lancet, 395(10231). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30736-4

Coloroso, B. (2007). Stop bullying (memutus rantai kekerasan anak dari prasekolah hingga SMU). Jakarta: Ikrar Mandiri Abadi.

Cook, S., & Howell, P. (2014). Bullying in Children and Teenagers Who Stutter and the Relation to Self-Esteem, Social Acceptance, and Anxiety. Perspectives on Fluency and Fluency Disorders, 24(2), 46-57. https://doi.org/10.1044/ffd24.2.46

Dantes, N. (2012). Metode Penelitian. Andi.

Darney, C., Howcroft, G., & Stroud, L. (2013). the Impact That Bullying At School Has on an Individual'S Self-Esteem During Young Adulthood. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(8), 1-16. www.ijern.com

Davis, E. L., & Buss, K. A. (2012). Moderators of the Relation between Shyness and Behavior with Peers: Cortisol Dysregulation and Maternal Emotion Socialization. Social Development, 21(4), 801-820. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2011.00654.x

Denham, S., & Kochanoff, A. T. (2002). Parental contributions to preschoolers' understanding of emotion. In Marriage and Family Review. https://doi.org/10.1300/J002v34n03_06

Devi, A., Fleer, M., & Li, L. (2018). 'We set up a small world': preschool teachers' involvement in children's imaginative play. International Journal of Early Years Education, 26(3), 295-311. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669760.2018.1452720

Dey Putri, L. A., Yetti, E., & Hartati, S. (2020). Pengaruh Keterlibatan Orangtua dan Regulasi Diri terhadap Perilaku Bullying Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(2), 715. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v4i2.438

Donegan, R. (2012). Bullying and Cyberbullying: History, Statistics, Law, Prevention and Analysis. The Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research in Communications, 3(1), 33-42.

Eisenberg, N., & Fabes, R. A. (1994). Mothers' reactions to children's negative emotions: Relations to children's temperament and anger behavior. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40(1), 138-156.

Eisenberg, N., Valiente, C., Morris, A. S., Fabes, R. A., Cumberland, A., Reiser, M., Gershoff, E. T., Shepard, S. A., & Losoya, S. (2003). Longitudinal relations among parental emotional expressivity, children's regulation, and quality of socioemotional functioning. Developmental Psychology, 39(1), 3. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.39.1.3

Erika, K. A., Pertiwi, D. A., & Seniwati, T. (2017). Bullying behaviour of adolescents based on gender, gang and family. Jurnal Ners, 12(1), 126-132.
https://doi.org/10.20473/jn.v12i1.4396

Frabutt, J. M., & Waldron, R. (2013). Reaching the Youngest Hearts and Minds: Interviews with Diocesan Leaders Regarding Catholic Early Childhood Education. Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, 17(1), 5-40. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1509085639?accountid=13042

Garvis, S., Pendergast, D., & Kanasa, H. (2013). Early Childhood Education and Care Policy in Australia: An Insight into Parent Perceptions Posted Online. In Early Childhood Education Early Childhood Education Research Association, 7(3), 103-119.

Gayatri. (2011). Women's Guide : Buku Cerdas Untuk Perempuan Aktif. In online book (pp. 95-96). Gagas Media.

Gendron, B. P., Williams, K. R., & Guerra, N. G. (2011). An analysis of bullying among students within schools: Estimating the effects of individual normative beliefs, self-esteem, and school climate. Journal of School Violence, 10(2), 150-164. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2010.539166

Giovanna Mascheroni, C. P. & A. J. (eds. . (2018). Digital Parenting. In The International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media, at Nordicom University of Gothenburg.

Goryl, O., Neilsen-Hewett, C., & Sweller, N. (2013). Teacher education, teaching experience and bullying policies: Links with early childhood teachers' perceptions and attitudes to bullying. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 38(2), 32-40. https://doi.org/10.1177/183693911303800205

Guldberg, H. (2010). Sorry, but it can be GOOD for children to be bullied. Daily Mail.

Harcourt, S., Jasperse, M., & Green, V. A. (2014). "We were Sad and We were Angry": A Systematic Review of Parents' Perspectives on Bullying. Child and Youth Care Forum, 43(3), 373-391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-014-9243-4

Hemphill, S. a., Heerde, J. a., & Gomo, R. (2014). Defining Bullying A conceptual definition of school-based bullying for the Australian research and academic community. Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth, Australian Department of Education, Canberra, ACT, 1-38.

Humphrey, G., & Crisp, B. R. (2008). Bullying affects us too: Parental responses to bullying at kindergarten. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 33(1), 45-49. https://doi.org/10.1177/183693910803300108

Jody Gold. (2014). Screen-Smart Parenting How to Find Balance and Benefit in Your Child's Use of Social Media, Apps, and Digital Devices. Guilford Press. https://doi.org/ISBN 9781462515530

Jones, S., Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., & MacKinnon, D. P. (2002). Parents' reactions to elementary school children's negative emotions: Relations to social and emotional functioning at school. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 48(2), 133-159. https://doi.org/10.1353/mpq.2002.0007

Kim, H. (2009). Roles of teachers and peers in conflicts between Korean kindergarteners. Asia-Pacific Journal of Research in Early Childhood Education, 3, 23-52.

Kim, J. E. (2011). Holistic development of the young child through an integrated curriculum: Rudolf Steiner's anthroposophical research. Asia-Pacific Journal of Research in Early Childhood Education, 5, 161-170.

King-Sears, M. E., & Strogilos, V. (2020). An exploratory study of self-efficacy, school belongingness, and co-teaching perspectives from middle school students and teachers in a mathematics co-taught classroom. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 24(2), 162-180. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603116.2018.1453553

Kirves, L., & Sajaniemi, N. (2012). Bullying in early educational settings. Early Child Development and Care, 182(3-4), 383-400. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2011.646724

Leerkes, E. M., Nayena Blankson, A., & O'brien, M. (2009). Differential Effects of Maternal Sensitivity to Infant Distress and Nondistress on Social-Emotional Functionin. Child Development, 80(3), 762-775. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01296.x

Levine, E., & Tamburrino, M. (2014). Bullying Among Young Children: Strategies for Prevention. Early Childhood Education Journal, 42(4). 271-278. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-013-0600-y

Li, Q. (2007). Bullying, School Violence and More: A Research Model. International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Learning, 12(19), n19. http://eric.ed.gov/?q=bullying+and+violence&ft=on&id=EJ940611

Mufida, E., Martini, M., & Hermawan, A. (2018). Perancangan Apilkasi Parenting Penguatan Perilaku Positif Anak oleh Orang Tua Berbasis Android. Jurnal MATRIK, 17(2), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.30812/matrik.v17i2.78

Novianti, R., & Garzia, M. (2020). Penggunaan Gadget pada Anak; Tantangan Baru Orang Tua Milenial. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(2), 1000. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v4i2.490

Novianti, R., & Maria, I. (2020). Pendidikan Keorangtuaan. Ellunar Publisher.

Nurmalia, L., Nisa, B., Safitri, M., & Dwigustini, R. (2021). Type, Cause, and Effect of Bullying in a Girl Like Her Movie. JHSS (Journal of Humanities and Social Studies), 05(03), 247-251.

Pan, Q., Trang, K. T., Love, H. R., & Templin, J. (2019). School Readiness Profiles and Growth in Academic Achievement. Frontiers in Education, 4, 127. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2019.00127

Polanin, J. R., Espelage, D. L., & Pigott, T. D. (2012). A meta-analysis of school-based bullying prevention programs' effects on bystander intervention behavior. School Psychology Review, 41(1), 47-65). Taylor & Francis. https://doi.org/10.1080/02796015.2012.12087375

Pratiwi, N., & Sugito, S. (2021). Pola Penanganan Guru dalam Menghadapi Bullying di PAUD. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(3), 1408-1415. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v6i3.1784

Putri, D., & Konseling, J. B. (2017). Media Anti Bullying: Pembimbingan Anak Usia Dini Pada Taman Kanak-Kanak Di Kota Singaraja. Jurnal Widya Laksana, 5(1), 29.
https://doi.org/10.23887/jwl.v5i1.9101

Rasma B, R. B. (2018). Pengaruh Penggunaan Gadget terhadap Prestasi Hafalan al-Qur'an pada Kelas IX SMP Islam Terpadu Wahdah Islamiyah Makassar. Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar.

Repo, L. (2015). Bullying and its prevention in early childhood education. Helsingin yliopisto.

Robinson, G., & Maines, B. (2012). Bullying: A Complete Guide to the Support Group Method. In Bullying: A Complete Guide to the Support Group Method. Sage. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446214749

Rochimah, N., Handini, M. C., & Hapidin, H. (2021). Effect Of Family Factor And Children's School Readiness In Integrated Waste Treatment Places: Path Analysis. Journal of Early Childhood Education (JECE), 2(2), 97-112. https://doi.org/10.15408/jece.v2i2.17055

Rozie, F., Haryani, W., & Safitri, D. (2019). Peran Guru Dalam Penanganan Perilaku Anak Hiperaktif Di TK Negeri 1 Samarinda. JECE (Journal of Early Childhood Education), 1(2), 53-59. https://doi.org/10.15408/jece.v1i2.12874

Saepudin, A., & Ulfah, S. (2015). Penerapan Program Parenting Berbasis E-Learning dalam Mengembangkan Kemampuan Mendidik Anak. Jurnal Teknodik, 241-250.
https://doi.org/10.32550/teknodik.v0i0.130

Saracho, O. N. (2017). Bullying Prevention Strategies in Early Childhood Education. Early Childhood Education Journal, 45(4), 453-460. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-016-0793-y

Sari, A. K., Neviyarni, N., Karneli, Y., & Netrawati, N. (2021). Fostering Prosocial Behaviours Of Early Childhood Through Group Guidance With A Client Centered Therapy Approach. Journal of Early Childhood Education (JECE), 2(2), 170-182. https://doi.org/10.15408/jece.v2i2.18141

Sathyamurthi, K., & Sridhar, S. (2021). A Systematic Review on Changes in the Effects of Parenting Style and Children's Behavior. Ijariie, 4, 2259-2273.

Sawyer, J. L., Mishna, F., Pepler, D., & Wiener, J. (2011). The missing voice: Parents' perspectives of bullying. Children and Youth Services Review, 33(10), 1795-1803. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.05.010

Sims-Schouten, W. (2015). Bullying in early childhood and the construction of young children as premoral agents: implications for practice. Pastoral Care in Education, 33(4), 234-245. https://doi.org/10.1080/02643944.2015.1094121

Siron, Y., Khotimah, K., & Sholeha, S. S. A. (2020). Parenting sukses: menghadapi bully teman bagi anak gagap. Jurnal AUDI Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Ilmu Anak Dan Media Informasi PAUD, 5(2), 64-74.

Siron, Y. (2020). PAUD Inklusif: Efikasi Diri dan Tingkat Literasi Guru Memengaruhi Kemampuan Merancang Individualized Education Program (IEP). Al-Athfal : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 6(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.14421/al-athfal.2020.61-01

Small, P., Neilsen-Hewett, C., & Sweller, N. (2013). Individual and Contextual Factors Shaping Teachers' Attitudes and Responses to Bullying among Young Children: Is Education Important. Early Childhood Education Early Childhood Education Research Association, 7(3), 69-101.

Smith, P. K. (2016). Bullying: Definition, Types, Causes, Consequences and Intervention. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 10(9), 519-532. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12266

Souto-Manning, M. (2013). Teaching young children from immigrant and diverse families. YC Young Children, 68(4), 72-80). JSTOR.

Syaifuddin, & Hefniy. (2019). Smart Techno Parenting dalam Membentuk Karakter Anak. Edureligia: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 3(2), 128-137.

Tanrikulu, I. (2020). Teacher reports on early childhood bullying: how often, who, what, when and where. Early Child Development and Care, 190(4), 489-501. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2018.1479404

Vanderbilt, D., & Augustyn, M. (2010). The effects of bullying. Paediatrics and Child Health, 20(7), 315-320. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paed.2010.03.008

Vlachou, M., Botsoglou, K., & Andreou, E. (2013). Assessing Bully/Victim Problems in Preschool Children: A Multimethod Approach. Journal of Criminology, 2013, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/301658

Warren, H. K., & Stifter, C. A. (2008). Maternal emotion-related socialization and preschoolers' developing emotion self-awareness. Social Development, 17(2), 239-258. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00423.x

Whittingham, K., Sanders, M., McKinlay, L., & Boyd, R. N. (2013). Stepping stones triple p and acceptance and commitment therapy for parents of children with cerebral palsy: Trial protocol. Brain Impairment, 14(2), 270-280. https://doi.org/10.1017/BrImp.2013.19

Widayanti, C. G., & Siswati, S. (2009). Fenomena bullying di sekolah dasar negeri di semarang: sebuah studi deskriptif. Junal Psikologi Undip. http://eprints.undip.ac.id/8336

Wilson, C., Marks Woolfson, L., & Durkin, K. (2020). School environment and mastery experience as predictors of teachers' self-efficacy beliefs towards inclusive teaching. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 24(2), 218-234. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603116.2018.1455901


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.