Peran Pembelajaran Musik melalui Project Based Learning terhadap Perilaku Sosial Anak Usia 5-6 Tahun

Author


Fitri Setyo Ningrum(1Mail), Rien Safrina(2), Tjipto Sumadi(3),
(1) Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
(3) Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author
Article Analytic
  [File Size: 310KB]  Language: id
Available online: 2021-06-26  |  Published : 2021-06-26
Copyright (c) 2021 Fitri Setyo Ningrum
Article can trace at:

Article Metrics

Abstract Views: 119 times PDF Downloaded: 36 times

Abstract


Perilaku sosial merupakan salah satu aspek perkembangan yang penting untuk distimulus sejak usia dini. Melalui penelitian ini, peneliti menganalisa hasil temuan jurnal terkait dengan perilaku sosial anak dalam pembelajaran musik serta pendekatan project based learning terhadap perilaku sosial sebagai salah satu pendekatan yang pada anak usia dini. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi pustaka/ literature dengan menggunakan buku, catatan hasil observasi serta penelitian terdahulu sebagai sumber data primer maupun sekunder. Berdasarkan hasil analisa penelitian, peneliti menemukan peranan pembelajaran musik berupa ansambel musik perkusi yang dapat digunakan sebagai salah satu aktivitas dalam meningkatkan perilaku sosial melalui sebuah pendekatan project based learning. Kegiatan ansambel musik perkusi serta pendekatan project based learning ini memberikan banyak kesempatan pada anak usia 5-6 tahun untuk berinteraksi, bekerjasama dengan teman lainnya, serta peduli dengan teman lainnya

Keywords


perilaku sosial; musik; project based learning

References


Abshor, U. (2017). The Project Approach on Environmental Education: An Action Research for Children's Social-Emotional Development. Pacific Early Childhood Education Research Association, 11(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.17206/apjrece.2017.11.1.1

Agmaz, R. F., & Ergulec, F. (2019). Music Down Here : A Project Based Learning Approach. International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 10(3).

Aksela, M., & Haatainen, O. (2011). Project-Based Learning (Pbl) in Practise: Active Teachers' Views of Its' Advantages and Challenges. Technology and Medical Sciences, (June), 1-1.

Aksoy, P., & Baran, G. (2010). Review of studies aimed at bringing social skills for children in preschool period. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 663-669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.214

Anna, A. (2016). Musical Activities As a Stimulating Tool for Effective Early Years Education of a Whole Child. International Journal of Education and Research, 4(5), 53-64. Retrieved from www.ijern.com

Baird, M., & Stafford, J. (2010). The Music Project. Retrieved November 26, 2020, from https://illinoisearlylearning.org/pa/projects/music-project/

Banoe, P. (2013). Metode Kelas Musik. Jakarta: Indeks.

Çabuk, B., & Haktan, G. (2010). What should be learned in Kindergarten ? A project approach example, 2(2), 2550-2555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.371

Cerniglia, E. G. (2013). Musical Play in Early Childhood Classroms: One Step Further. National Association for the Education of Young Children, 68. Retrieved from www.naeyc.org/yc/permissions

Christiani, J. (2017). UPT Perpustakaan ISI Yogyakarta UPT Perpustakaan ISI Yogyakarta. Institut Seni Indonesia.

Christianti, M. (2011). Pembelajaran Anak Usia Dini dengan Pendekatan Proyek. Majalah Dinamika, (58).

Corry, M., & Syukri, M. (2016). Peningkatan Perilaku Sosial melalui Bermain Peran pada Anak Usia 5-6 tahun di TK Negeri Pembina. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Untan, 5(3), 1-19. Retrieved from https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jpdpb/article/view/14602

Denise, M., Mundo, S., & Navarrete, A. M. L. (2014). Manifestations of helping behavior among preschool children in a laboratory. Asia Pacific Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 8(3), 1-20.

Efron, S. E., & Ravid, R. (2019). Writing The Literature Review : A Practical Guide. New York: The Guilford Press.

Ehrlin, A. (2018). Music in preschool class : A quantitative study of factors that determine the extent of music in daily work in Swedish preschool classes. International Society for Music Education, 36(1), 17-33. https://doi.org/10.1177/0255761417689920

Engelhard, E. S., Klein, P. S., & Yablon, Y. B. (2014). Quality of care at home and in daycare and social behaviour in early childhood. Journal of Early Child Development and Care, 184(February 2015), 37-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2013.842563

Esimone, C. C., & Ojukwu, E. V. (2014). Music in Early Childhood Education: Its Importance in Selected Child Development. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 4(1), 39-44. https://doi.org/10.5901/jesr.2014.v4n1p39

Fajar, T. (2018). Ini 4 Kompetensi yang Harus Dimiliki Anak di Abad 21. Retrieved from https://news.okezone.com/read/2018/08/17/1/1937871/ini-4-kompetensi-yang-harus-dimiliki-anak-di-abad-21

Farida, N., & Rasyid, H. (2018). The Effectiveness of Project-Based Learning Approach to Social Development of Early Childhood. International Conference on Special and Inclusive Education, 296(Icsie 2018), 369-372. https://doi.org/10.2991/icsie-18.2019.67

Ferrero, M., Vadillo, M. A., & León, S. P. (2021). Is project-based learning effective among kindergarten and elementary students? A systematic review. PLoS ONE, 16(4 April), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0249627

Griffiths, F. (2018). Supporting Children's Creativity Thruogh Music, Dance, Drama, and Art. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315460413

Hartati, S. (2005). Mengembangkan Ketrampilan Berbicara. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Direktorat Jenderal Perguruan Tinggi, Direktorat Pembinaan Pendidikan Tenaga Kependidikan dan Ketenagaan Perguruan Tinggi.

Hille, A., & Schupp, J. (2015). How learning a musical instrument affects the development of skills. Economics of Education Review, 44(7655), 56-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2014.10.007

Holm, M. (2011). Project-Based Instruction : A Review of the Literature on Effectiveness in Prekindergarten through 12th Grade Classrooms, 7(2), 1-13.

Ilari, B., Helfter, S., & Huynh, T. (2019). Associations Between Musical Participation and Young Children ' s Prosocial Behaviors. Journal of Research in Music Education, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022429419878169

Ilari, B., Helfter, S., & Huynh, T. (2020). Associations Between Musical Participation and Young Children's Prosocial Behaviors. Journal of Research in Music Education, 67(4), 399-412. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022429419878169

Lee, A. (2014a). Implementing character education program through music and integrated activities in early childhood settings in Taiwan. International Journal of Music Education, 34(3), 340-351. https://doi.org/10.1177/0255761414563195

Lee, A. (2014b). Implementing Character Education Program through Music and Integrated Activities in Early Childhood Settings in Taiwan. International Journal of Music Education, 4-9. https://doi.org/10.1177/0255761414563195

Lee, Y. (2015). Music practices and teachers ' needs for teaching music in public preschools of South Korea. International Journal of Music Education, 27(4), 356-371. https://doi.org/10.1177/0255761409344663

Li, Y. ling. (2012). The negotiated project-based learning: Understanding the views and practice of kindergarten teachers about the implementation of project learning in Hong Kong. Education 3-13, 40(5), 473-486. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004279.2010.544662

Lyu, F., Tian, F., Feng, W., Cao, X., Zhang, X., Dai, G., & Wang, H. (2017). EnseWing: Creating an instrumental ensemble playing experience for children with limited music training. Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings, 2017-May, 4326-4330. https://doi.org/10.1145/3025453.3025583

Macdonell, C. (2007). Units for Young Children. Worthington: Linworth Publishing.

Magta, M., Ujianti, P. R., & Permatasari, E. D. (2019). Pengaruh Metode Proyek Terhadap Kemampuan, 24(2), 212-220. https://doi.org/10.23887/mi.v24i2.21261

Mahardika, E. K. (2014). Peningkatan Perilaku Sosial melalui Permainan Tradisional Jawa. Universitas Negeri Jakarta.

Mills, G. E. (2003). Action Research; A Guide for The Teacher Research. US: Pearson Education.

Nardo, R. L., Custodero, L. A., Persellin, D. C., & Fox, D. B. (2016). Looking Back , Looking Forward : A Report on Early Childhood Music Education in Accredited American Preschools, 54(4), 278-292. https://doi.org/10.1177/002242940605400402

Özmente, S. (2010). Pre-school teachers ' implications about the rhythm applications in music lessons. Procedia Socail and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 255-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.146

Paul, H. (2017). LET ' S MAKE MUSIC IN PRESCHOOL ! Journal of Early Childhood Scholarship and Innovative Practice, 1(1).

Rabinowitch, T. C., & Knafo-Noam, A. (2015). Synchronous rhythmic interaction enhances children's perceived similarity and Closeness towards each other. PLoS ONE, 10(4), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120878

Rahman, S., Yasin, R. M., & Yasin, S. F. M. (2011). The implementation of project-based approach among preschoolers: A collaborative action research project. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 284-288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.087

Rahman, S., Yasin, R. M., & Yassin Mohd, S. F. (2011). The Implementation of Project-Based Approach at Preschool Education Program, 18, 476-480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.070

Rajan, R. S. (2017). Preschool Teachers' Use of Music in the Classroom: A Survey of Park District Preschool Programs. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 27(1), 89-102. https://doi.org/10.1177/1057083717716687

Rohayati, T. (2013). Pengembangan perilaku sosial anak usia dini. Jurnal Cakrawala, 4(2), 131-137. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/cakrawaladini/article/download/10392/6435
https://doi.org/10.17509/cd.v4i2.10392

Sari, C. R., Hartati, S., & Yetti, E. (2019). Peningkatan Perilaku Sosial Anak melalui Permainan Tradisional Sumatera Barat, 3(2), 416-424. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v3i2.225

Scharfstein, M., & Gaurf. (2013). Social Behaviour And Peer Acceptance. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689-1699. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Schellenberg, E. G., Corrigall, K. A., Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2015). Group Music Training and Children ' s Prosocial Skills. PLOSONE, 10(10), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141449

Semmes, L. R. (2010). Shaker Oats: Fortifying Musicality. Music Education Journal, (June). https://doi.org/10.1177/0027432110370308

Suroningsih. (2013). Pengaruh Pemilihan Tema dan Partner dalam Cooperative Play terhadap Peningkatan Perilaku Sosial Pada Anak Usia 5-6 di Kelurahan SekaranKecamatan Gunungpati Kota Semarang. BELIA, 2(1), 56-62.

Valdesolo, P., Ouyang, J., & DeSteno, D. (2010). The rhythm of joint action: Synchrony promotes cooperative ability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(4), 693-695. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2010.03.004

Veraksa, N. E., & Veraksa, A. N. (2015). The technique of project activity: A new approach in Russian preschool. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 8(2), 73-86. https://doi.org/10.11621/pir.2015.0207

Weber, M. (2019). The Importance of Collaboration Within Project-Based Learning in a Kindergarten Teacher Classroom. Otterbein Univesity. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.otterbein.edu/stu_master/24/

Widayanti, M. D., & Setiawati, F. A. (2019). Project Based Learning Improves 5-6 Years Olds Cooperative Skills, 323(ICoSSCE 2018), 13-18. https://doi.org/10.2991/icossce-icsmc-18.2019.3

William M. Anderson, & Joy E. Lawrence. (2006). Integrating Music into the Elementary Classroom (7th editio). Thomson Schirmer.

Yeni, I. (2013). Kesulitan yang ditemui pendidik dalam pembelajaran musik melalui kegiatan menyanyi. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran, 46(1), 1-8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.