Membangun Number Sense pada Anak TK A berdasarkan sudut pandang Semantik

Author


Lydia Lia Prayitno(1Mail), Ninik Mutianingsih(2), Aulia Insani(3),
Pendidikan Matematika, Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya, Indonesia(1)
Pendidikan Matematika, Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya, Indonesia(2)
Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya,

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Published : 2023-12-30

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Abstract


Anak TK mengalami kesulitan mengidentifikasi angka dan menghubungkan banyaknya benda dengan jumlah yang tepat. Hal ini berimplikasi pada number sense sebagai bagian penting dalam perkembangan kognitif anak usia TK. Empat orang ustadzah dan 32 siswa TK A Aisyiyah Bustanul Athfal 31 Surabaya terlibat dalam penelitian deskriptif eksploratif untuk mendeskripsikan proses membangun number sense. Penelitian ini bersifat fleksibel dan tidak kaku karena disesuaikan dengan tema setiap minggunya selama tiga bulan dimulai bulan Juni 2022 sampai dengan Agustus 2022. Proses pembelajaran direkam menggunakan handycam, diobservasi, dan dilakukan pencatatan lapangan selama penanaman number sense. Selama pengumpulan data, peneliti mengobservasi pembelajaran menggunakan lembar observasi dan dianalisis secara deskriptif berdasarkan kesejajaran dan konstruksi semantiknya melalui pemilihan data, pengelompokkan data, dan menyimpulkan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan proses yang dilakukan ustadzah untuk membangun number sense pada anak TK A melalui proses (1) membilang tanpa makna, (2) mengenalkan korespondensi satu-satu antara bilangan dengan objek nyata, (3) mengurutkan bilangan, dan (4) mengenalkan konsep kardinalitas.


Keywords


number sense; perkembangan kognitif; anak usia dini

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