Sikap Guru terhadap Anak Usia Dini dengan Autism Spectrum Disorder

Septiana Arini(1Mail), Farida Kurniawati(2),
(1) Psikologi Terapan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
(2) Psikologi, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2020 Septiana Arini, Farida Kurniawati

DOI : https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v4i2.410

Full Text:    Language : ID
Submitted : 2019-12-27
Published : 2020-01-20

Abstract


Sikap guru terhadap anak usia dini dengan Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) adalah sebuah predisposisi yang dapat ditunjukkan secara favorable atau unfavorable. Sikap ini merupakan faktor penting yang memengaruhi bagaimana kualitas pengajaran terhadap anak dengan ASD di sekolah inklusif. Kajian literatur sistematis ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sikap guru terhadap anak usia dini dengan ASD dan faktor yang memengaruhi sikap tersebut. Pencarian dilakukan melalui empat mesin pencari elektronik, yaitu Taylor & Francis Online, ProQuest, EBSCOhost, dan Science Direct . Tahapan identifikasi, screening, uji kelayakan, dan eliminasi dilakukan hingga diperoleh 2 artikel yang sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian. Hasilnya, ditemukan bahwa terdapat perbedaan sikap guru terhadap anak usia dini dengan ASD antara pre-service dan in-service teacher. Pre-service teacher menunjukkan sikap positif sedangkan in-service teacher cenderung netral atau sedikit setuju. Penelitian lebih lanjut disarankan untuk dilakukan terhadap guru-guru PAUD inklusif di Indonesia untuk memperluas gambaran dalam berbagai konteks budaya dan negara, serta memfokuskan penelitian sikap guru yang bukan merupakan dampak hasil pelatihan tertentu.


Keywords


teacher’s attitude; early childhood; inclusive education; Autism Spectrum Disorder

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