Strategi Ibu dengan Peran Ganda dalam Membentuk Kemandirian Anak Usia Pra Sekolah

Ervin Nurul Affrida(1Mail),
(1) Prodi PG-PAUD Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2017 Ervin Nurul Affrida

DOI : https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v1i2.24

Full Text:    Language : id
Submitted : 2018-07-08
Published : 2017-12-30

Abstract


This study aims for understand mothers experience with dual role to establish of independence child. Mother with dual role interpreted as a mother become housewife and work. The existence of dual role make the role as a mother divided by the role as a career woman. Especially if the child has entered pre-school age, the role of mother is needed because at this stage the child get in golden periode, window of opportunity, and critical period (Depker, 2010). One of the skills that should be developed is independence that became one of the goals of character education. Especially for working mothers, establishing independence of children from an early age can help children to perform simple daily activities when the mother at work. The study participants were four mothers with dual roles and have children with 3-6 year olds attending Play Group/Kindergarten Program. Data collection using in-depth interview then analyzed by Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) method. The result of the research shows that the mother experience with dual role in forming the independence of the children use of parenting, giving examples and mentoring to doing activities independently, and familiarize the children to perform simple daily activities to supply needs self.


Keywords


Kemandirian; Strategi; Anak Usia Pra Sekolah

References


Bashori, K. (2006). Psikologi Keluarga Sakinah. Yogyakarta: Suara Muhammadiyah.

Boyatzis, R.E. (1998). Transpforming Qualitative Information: Thematic Analysis and Code Development. Sage Publication.

Dariyo, A. (2007). Psikologi Perkembangan. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Dinas Pendiidkan Nasional. (2006). Permendiknas Nomor 58 Tahun 2009 Tentang Standar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini 9PAUD). Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Depkes RI. (2010). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta: Depkes RI.

Elisabeth, B. Hurlock. (1990). Psikologi Perkembangan. Edisi 5. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Erickson, EH. (1963). Childhood & Society. Edisi Kedua. New York: Norton.

Geofanny, R. (2016). Perbedaan Kemandirian Anak Usia Dini Ditinjau Dari Ibu yang Bekerja dan Tidak Bekerja. Jurnal Psikoborneo. Vol. 4 Nomor 4, 2016: 711-721.

Hasan, M. (2010). Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Yogyakarta: Diva Press.

Joni, J. (2015). Hubungan Pola Asuh Orang Tua Terhadap Perkembangan Bahasa Anak Pra Sekolah (3-5 Tahun) di PAUD Al-Hasanah Tahun 2014. Jurnal Obsesi: Journal of Eraly Childhood Education. Vol.1, Nomor: 1, 2015: 42-48.

Kartono, K. (1995). Psikologi Anak 9Psikologi Perkembangan). Bandung: Mandar Maju.

Pusat Kurikulum Balitbang Depdiknas. 2007. Kerangka Dasar Kurikulum Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional.

Poerwandari, E.K. (2005). Pendekatan Kualitatif untuk Penelitian Perilaku Manusia. Jakarta: Lembaga Pengembangan Sarana Pengukuran dan Pendidikan Psikologi Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia.

Smith, J. A., & Osborn, M. (2007). Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. In J. A. Smith (Ed.), Qualitative Psychology: Practical Guide to Research Method. London : SAGE Publications.

Steinberg, Laurence. (1995). Adolescene Sanfrancisco : McGraw-Hill Inc.

Streubert, H. J. & Carpenter, D. R. (2011). Qualitative Research in Nursing Advancing the Humanistic Imperative, 5th. Philadephia: Lippincot William & Wilkins A Wolters Kluwer Company.

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Kombinasi (Mixed Methode). Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suryanto, S. (2005). Dasar-dasar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Yogyakarta: Hikayat Publishing.

Surya, Y.F. (2017). Penggunaan Model dan Pendekatan Pembelajaran Pendidikan Karakter Abad 21 pada Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Obsesi: Journal of Early Childhood Education. Vol. 1 Nomor:1, 2017: 52-61.

Suyadi. (2010). Psikologi Belajar Anak Usia Dini. Yogyakarta : Pedagogia.

Wiyani, N. A. 2012. Bina Karakter Anak Usia Dini: Panduan Orangtua dan Guru Dalam Membentuk Kemandirian dan Kedisiplinan Anak. Yogyakarta: Ar-ruzz Media.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 368 times
 PDF Full Text Downloaded : 409 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.