Keterampilan Pengasuhan Orang Tua terhadap Anak Usia Dini selama Pandemi

Author


Alif Mu'arifah(1), Riana Mashar(2Mail),
Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia(1)
Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia(2)

Mail Corresponding Author
Article Analytic
  Download PDF   [File Size: 261KB]  Language: id
Published : 2022-04-30
Copyright (c) 2022 Riana Mashar, Alif Mu'arifah, Alif Mu'arifah

Article can trace at:


Article Metrics

Abstract Views: 180 times PDF Downloaded: 83 times

Abstract


Stressor yang dihadapi orang tua selama masa pandemi bersifat makro dan mempengaruhi seluruh aspek kehidupan. Kondisi pandemi memberikan tantangan yang besar bagi orang tua untuk tetap dapat mengembangkan keterampilan parenting yang positif saat berinteraksi dengan anak di rumah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keterampilan pengasuhan orang tua dengan anak usia dini ditinjau dari tingkat pendidikan dan lama pernikahan selama masa pandemi. Penelitian menggunakan desain penelitian kuantitatif komparatif. Subyek terdiri dari  490 orang tua yang terdiri 449 ibu dan 41 ayah yang  memiliki anak usia 4-6 tahun, berdomisili di wilayah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya. Pemilihan subyek dilakukan secara simple random sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan skala keterampilan pengasuhan yang telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitasnya. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menguji perbedaan rerata skor keterampilan pengasuhan ditinjau dari tingkat pendidikan dan lama pernikahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan keterampilan pengasuhan yang signifikan antara orang tua yang berpendidikan tinggi dengan yang bukan berpendidikan tinggi. Tidak terdapat perbedaan keterampilan pengasuhan ditinjau dari  lama pernikahan

Keywords


anak usia dini; keterampilan pengasuhan; tingkat pendidikan; lama pernikahan; masa pandemi.

References


Avasthi, A. (2010). Preserve and strengthen family to promote mental health. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 52(2), 113-126. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.64582

Cava, M. J., Buelga, S., & Musitu, G. (2014). Parental communication and life satisfaction in adolescence. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2014.107

Concetta Pastorelli,Jennifer E. Lansford,Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri,Patrick S. Malone,Laura Di Giunta,Dario Bacchini,Anna Silvia Bombi,Arnaldo Zelli, M. C. M. (2015). Positive parenting and children's prosocial behavior in eight countries. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry., 57(7), 824-834.
https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12477

Constantinescu, M. (2017). Development Of Parenting Skills By Implementing Strong Families Program. May, 1346-1354. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2017.05.02.165

Desforges, C., & Abouchaar, A. (2003). The Impact of Parental Involvement , Parental Support and Family Education on Pupil Achievements and Adjustment : A Literature Review with. Education, 30(8), 1-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctrv.2004.06.001
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctrv.2004.06.001

Dunst, C. J., Trivette, C. M., & Hamby, D. W. (2014). Relationships between Family Risk and Opportunity Factors and Parent and Child Functioning. Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.5539/jedp.v4n2p10

Fasina, B., & Fagbeminiyi, F. (2017). The Role of Parents in Early Childhood Education: A Case Study of Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria. Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal Publisher: Global Journals Inc, 11(November). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321028146_The_Role_of_Parents_in_Early_Childhood_Education_A_Case_Study_of_Ikeja_Lagos_State_Nigeria

Hossain, S. M., Huq, S., Adhikari, B., Zai, S. Z. E., & Haque, S. M. T. (2015). Parenting Skills and Child Behavior: A Cross-Sectional Study in Some Selected Areas of Nepal. South East Asia Journal Of Public Health, 5(1), 44-48. https://doi.org/10.3329/seajph.v5i1.24851

Hyoscyamina, D. E., & Dewi, K. S. (2012). Pengembangan Program Parenting Bagi Anak Usia Dini Dengan Pendekatan Psikologi Positif Dan Karakter Islami. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Psikologi Islami, 30-46.

Ikesako, H., & Miyamoto, K. (2015). Fostering social and emotional skills through families, schools and communities. OECD Education Working Papers, 121, 0_1,3-4,7-75.

Kurniati, E., Nur Alfaeni, D. K., & Andriani, F. (2020). Analisis Peran Orang Tua dalam Mendampingi Anak di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 5(1), 241. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v5i1.541

Lai, K. W., & McBride-Chang, C. (2001). (2001). Suicidal ideation, parenting style, and family climate among Hong Kong adolescents. International Journal of Psychology, 36(2),((2)), 81-87. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207590042000065

Lisa A. Newland. (2020). Family well-being, parenting, and child well-being: Pathways to healthy adjustment. Clinical Psychologist. https://doi.org/10.1111/cp.12059

Mashar, R. (2018). Keterampilan Pengasuhan Keluarga dan Permasalahan Perkembangan Karakter Anak di Magelang. Edukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan, Nov 19, 20, 97-108. https://journal.unimma.ac.id/index.php/edukasi/article/view/2349

Matthew R. SandersMatthew R. SandersJames N. KirbyJames N. Kirby. (2014). A Public-Health Approach to Improving Parenting and Promoting Children's Well-Being. Child Development Perspectives 8(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/cdep.12086

Milevsky, Avidan; Schlechter, Melissa; Netter, Sarah; Keehn, D. (2007). Maternal and Paternal Parenting Styles in Adolescents: Associations with Self-Esteem, Depression and Life-Satisfaction. Journal of Child and Family Studies, Feb 2007, 16(1), 39-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-006-9066-5

Nikolaev, E. L., Baranova, E. A., & Petunova, S. A. (2016). Mental Health Problems in Young Children: The Role of Mothers' Coping and Parenting Styles and Characteristics of Family Functioning. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 233(October), 94-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.10.152

Harita, A., & Chusairi, A. (2022). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Parental Self-Efficacy Orang Tua Yang Memiliki Anak dengan Disabilitas. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(4), 3111-3123. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v6i4.2321

Roy, M. D. (2015). Domestic violence and its impact on children. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science Ver. III, 20(10), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.9790/0837-201030104

Royal College of Nursing. (2016). Why communication is important | RCN. 2016, 6-14. https://nursinganswers.net/essays/importance-of-communication-in-nursing.php

Segrin, C., & Flora, J. (2021). Parent-Child Communication. Family Communication, 168-191. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781410611154-13

Suri, D. (2021). Parenting Pattern in Instilling The Character for Children From an Early Age. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(3), 1599-1604. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v6i3.1794

Thomas G O'Connor; Stephen Scott. (2007). Parenting and outcomes for children No Title. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Publisher: York [England]. https://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/default/files/jrf/migrated/files/parenting-outcomes.pdf

Tomlinson, H. B., & Andina, S. (2015). Parenting Education in Indonesia: Review and Recommendations to Strengthen Programs and Systems. The World Bank. https://doi.org/10.1596/978-1-4648-0621-6


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.