Siap Sekolah dari Rumah: Stimulasi Aspek Sosial-Emosional pada Anak Usia Dini

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Edilburga Wulan Saptandari(1Mail), Arum Febriani(2), Ammik Kisriyani(3),
Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia(1)
Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia(2)
Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia(3)

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Published : 2022-05-25
Copyright (c) 2022 Edilburga Wulan Saptandari, Arum Febriani, Ammik Kisriyani

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Abstract


Anak yang memiliki keterampilan sosial-emosional yang baik cenderung bisa beradaptasi dengan lingkungan dan berhasil dalam pembelajaran. Namun, kondisi pandemi COVID-19 telah membuat interaksi sosial anak menjadi sangat terbatas. Studi ini adalah kajian literatur untuk mengetahui pentingnya kematangan sosial-emosional anak usia dini dalam persiapan memasuki Sekolah Dasar dan bagaimana cara stimulasinya. Studi ini diawali dengan menetapkan beberapa kata kunci yang relevan dengan topik penelitian, menerapkan kriteria inklusi pada artikel yang akan dicari, pencarian artikel, dan diakhiri dengan penulisan kajian literatur. Pada kondisi pandemi COVID-19, stimulasi berbasis rumah menjadi hal yang penting untuk dioptimalkan. Keterlibatan orangtua dan significant others, sebagai sistem terdekat anak (mikrosistem),  sangat dibutuhkan agar anak bisa mencapai perkembangan sosial-emosional sesuai tahapan usianya. Implikasi dari hasil penelitian ini adalah dapat menjadi masukan bagi orangtua untuk terlibat aktif dalam memberikan stimulasi perkembangan sosial-emosional anak. Harapannya, stimulasi berbasis rumah ini akan dilakukan oleh orangtua secara konsisten, bukan hanya dalam kondisi pandemi COVID-19.


Keywords


anak usia dini; kesiapan sekolah; sosial-emosional; stimulasi

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