Pendekatan Reggio Emilia dalam Menjawab Tantangan Kemampuan Anak Usia Dini Abad 21


Rini Julia Sasmita(1Mail), Tuti Tarwiyah(2), Tjipto Sumadi(3),
(1) Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
(3) Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia

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Abstract


Pada abad ke-21 ini, setiap manusia termasuk anak usia dini menghadapi tantangan globalisasi. Berdasarkan penelitian terdahulu disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran yang dapat mempersiapkan anak untuk memiliki kemampuan abad ke-21 adalah pendekatan yang berorientasi pada anak. Pendekatan Reggio Emilia adalah salah pendekatan yang berorientasi pada anak. Pendekatan ini menggunakan pembelajaran berbasis proyek dan menggunakan material terbuka yang telah teruji dapat mengembangkan kemampuan abad ke-21, namun Pendekatan ini memiliki komponen pembelajaran lain. Maka tujuan penelitian ini adalah ingin melihat apakah  seluruh komponen Pendekatan ini mampu menjawab tantangan kemampuan di abad ke-21, dan apakah pendekatan dari kota Italia ini dapat diaplikasikan di dalam konteks pendidikan Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian tinjauan pustaka, menganalisa 2 buku sumber data primer tentang Pendekatan Reggio Emilia, 1 buku sumber data primer tentang Pendidikan menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara dan 62 artikel yang terdiri dari sumber data primer dan sekunder tentang Pendekatan Reggio Emilia dan Kemampuan abad ke-21.


Keywords


reggio emilia; kemampuan abad ke-21; pendidikan anak usia dini

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